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Temperament therapy is a biblical counseling method based on temperament theory, which states we are born with a specific set of intellectual and emotional needs that together make up our “temperament.” 

Temperament therapy focuses on understanding these inner - intellectual and emotional - needs and applying that understanding to bring balance to body, spirit, and soul.

We are all conceived with a unique God-given temperament which remains unchanged throughout our lifetime. Temperament should not be confused with character which develops as we grow. Character is shaped and molded by life experiences, choices, and interaction with others.

Also, temperament is different from personality. Personality is expressed in the way we perceive how we must behave in order to survive in the world. It may or may not be part of our temperament or character.

Temperament Therapy seeks to identify an individual’s inborn temperament and the specific needs associated with it. Every person has temperament needs in varying degrees related to expressing and responding in three areas:

  • Inclusion (mind) which deals with socialization and intellectual energies.

  • Control (will) which is one’s willingness to make decisions and to accept responsibility for self and/or others.

  • Affection (emotions) is the need to express and receive love, affection, and approval. It is about the need for deep personal relationships.

Through many years of research and observation, the National Christian Counselors Association has identified these distinct areas of temperament as components of the soul.

All of your actions and behaviors are attempts to meet these needs by drawing from the soul (Inclusion/mind, Control/will & Affection/emotions) or the spirit. When temperament needs are not being met in a godly way or when they are out of balance, it will cause stress and anxiety. Other possible symptoms include:

  • Depressed mood

  • Dissatisfaction

  • Loneliness

  • Fear

  • Frustration

  • Anger

  • Marriage and family problems

  • Poor work performance

  • Exhaustion

  • Inner conflict and conflict with others


Temperament therapy will help you gain insight into why you do what you do and help you understand why you may be experiencing difficulties. Once unmet needs are discovered, strategies to meet them in ways that are not harmful can be explored and/or balance restored.

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